Figuring out who these two guys are (look at the guy’s smile on the right) would not help you go a long way into figuring out the significance of events here in Chapter 20, “Planning the New Society” but it will give you a chuckle.
Terms from the chapter are;
first five year plan Tibet John Foster Dulles
Vietminh Han Chinese PLA
100 Flowers movement
and there are more, like “Zhou Enlai” that I haven’t bothered to repeat. stick to those seven terms, + repeats and you’re good for the quiz.
What is striking to me on the re-read of this chapter, is the extent to which China is swayed by international events that, I’m afraid, you haven’t read about yet. Khrushchev’s speech in 1956 denouncing Stalin, and revolts in Poland and Hungary, also in 1956. This all leads into what is often called the 100 flowers campaign, Mao’s desire to open up criticism from the intellectual community that remains in the PRC, much of which has its origins in the Nationalist party era or before.
You will have a question on your review that goes something like, “If we have criticism to our policies we are not afraid of them” or something like that from Mao. Many students (unadvisedly) try to answer that entire question based up on the 100 flowers campaign. Spence will come right out at the start of the next chapter and say the 100 flowers campaign was NOT a plot by Mao to reveal hidden rightists. He honestly wanted some critics to stand up. If that so, why did so many, like Ding Ling with her Stalin prize in hand, end up in permanent exile?